Category What is MS?

ABC’s of Multiple Sclerosis

A – awareness.
There is still a huge lack of understanding by the general public about MS. We are not contagious, we didn’t do something to cause MS in our lives, there is no known cure and it’s not all in our head…well actually it is. Our brain MRIs prove that.

B – brain lesions.
That’s just a fancy way of saying that our brain has wounds inside. Some of them heal well while others leave a nasty scar that disrupts the nerves used to make our body work. That’s the reason we do the things we do…most of the time. Some times it’s just who we are and has nothing to do with our brain.

C – cramps and spasms.
Our muscles tighten up causing us great discomfort and pain. Any muscle can be affected from those controlling our tongue to our ribs to our big toe...

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MS Diagnosis and Symptoms

MS diagnosis is usually based on the occurrence of known MS symptoms that are indicators thereof, as well as imaging data of the brain. This is not a straight forward process. So far none of all the diagnosis methods are 100% conclusive. MS diagnosis is usually conducted by a neurologist through a variety of tests. They include:

Neurological Examination

Carried out only by neurologists, this test examines how well the central nervous system of a person works. It includes examining the occurrence of any changes of the visual, auditory, sensory and speech functions. Reflexes at the elbows, knees and ankles as well as the soles of one’s feet are also tested to establish if there is any alternative disorder.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan (MRI scan)

MRI scan is very useful in MS diagnosis as ...

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Causes of MS

Despite intensive research on this condition, there are no known common causes of MS. The following factors have been considered but the causes of MS in relation to them are still unknown.


Viruses were initial suspects as causes of MS. However, there is still little or none known scientifically proven facts so far of any specific viruses that can cause this condition.

Genetic Predisposition

It has been stated by scientists that some people may be more susceptible to MS if they have a relative who has suffered from MS before. This does not mean that they inherit the condition genetically. It means however, that when such a person encounters certain environmental conditions, MS may be triggered in them...

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Types of MS

Multiple Sclerosis varies highly from person to person. This is due to the fact that it occurs in different locations of the central nervous system. In most cases of MS the symptoms in the initial stages can occur suddenly without any recognisable cause. When symptomatic occurrence of MS or a change in them for worse happens is known as a relapse.

A person can then improve from those symptoms after a couple of days or weeks and may return back to the normal condition or worse than they were before the attack. This is called remission. As time progresses, a person may recover from the symptoms either completely or partially. However, sometimes the symptoms may still remain permanent even in remission leading to a loss of some function.

Rehabilitation, physical and mental training can howeve...

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What is MS?

Multiple Sclerosis is a progressive, degenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS), including the brain, optic nerve and spinal cord. Each nerve fiber in the white matter of the CNS is surrounded and insulated by a protective layer called myelin. Nerve signals travel along the myelin between the brain and the rest of the body.

The cause is as yet unknown, but in MS these myelin pathways are damaged causing scattered patches of de-myelination thus making it difficult or impossible for messages to move over these hard, damaged areas. (“Multiple Sclerosis” means “many scars”) In short this is why your movement, feeling and co-ordination will be affected depending on the location of the “plaques” or scars in the brain and/or spinal cord.

And this must prove to be the mo...

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